Stucco Restoration

The original stucco has been brought back to life in workshops set up right in the garden of the Noblesse Palace

Stucco is a very fine mixture based on gypsum or cement used in architecture for coating and decorating walls and ceilings. It is used to give a more beautiful appearance to rough surfaces such as concrete, wood, or metal.
The composition of stucco varies greatly due to the general term “stucco” and the different specific materials used compared to a single product. Often, acrylic additives or fiberglass are added to improve the characteristics of strength and ease of processing of the stucco. Stucco allows for the creation of three-dimensional figures or statues.
In architecture, during the Baroque and Rococo styles, stucco was widely used for both civil and ecclesiastical buildings, as well as for decorative elements, walls, and ceilings. This allowed for the three-dimensional expansion of paintings and “trompe l’oeil” techniques. Some stucco mixtures (based on gypsum) are suitable for interiors as they are not resistant to humidity, while others are specific for outdoor exposure.
Today, stucco decorations are processed in workshops and only applied in the appropriate places on-site. Stucco mixed with resins and adhesives is used in construction to bond two architectural elements or to smooth gypsum board walls.

Inside Noblesse Palace, the old interior stucco elements were ornaments made of hemp-reinforced plaster, with profiles drawn on-site. They featured both floral and geometric designs, and to balance the proportion of the plans, new stucco profiles specific to the era were added to the side walls and ceilings.
Each room in Palatul Noblesse has a different stucco profile, with varied patterns and especially the combination of floral and geometric motifs. Much of the existing stucco is original pieces that have been restored. How was this done? The piece was removed, and the old paint was stripped off, then a plaster slab was applied. For flat areas, molds were made, while for those with modeling, 2 cm of soil was added, followed by a cover, and subsequently, in place of the soil, a plasticizer or silicone rubber was poured to obtain the necessary mold for reproducing the piece. For areas with profiles, templates were made from the old model.
The existing stucco elements were restored by stripping. A stripping solution was applied with a brush, and after 15-20 minutes, the old paint layer was cleaned off. The process was repeated for each paint layer so that 60% were cleaned up to linseed oil, while for 40% of them, the last layer of paint could not be removed, lacking the linseed oil layer, as the old paint was impregnated into the stucco. Cracks were repaired, piece by piece replaced, and in some areas, the plaster glaze on the profiles was redone. After repairs, the stucco was polished and one or two coats of linseed oil and matte paint were applied.
It’s worth noting that the restoration workshop for interior and exterior stucco was set up right inside Palatul Noblesse and in the workshop built in its courtyard.

Today, each hall in Palatul Noblesse is abundant with beautifully crafted stucco by skilled craftsmen, carefully supervised by the Noblesse Group architecture team.